Oct 25, 2011 salt satyagraha began with the dandi march on march 12, 1930 and was the part of the first phase of the civil disobedience movement. Chart and diagram slides for powerpoint beautifully designed chart and diagram s for powerpoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. By the end of 1921, the movement was turning violent at many places. Gandhiji put his eleven demands which and if they were not met by 11th march 1930 then he would launch the civil disobedience movement on the 12th of march 1930. During the noncooperation movement, the indians learnt how philosophical tenets like non violence and passive resistance could be used to wage political battles. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. Civil disobedience movement 1930 glimpses of history. The observance of the independence day in 1930 was followed by the launching of the civil disobedience movement under the leadership of gandhi. In dandi salt was made by the indians from the sea by boiling the sea water there were 78 people who walked 240 miles 340 kms which took 24 days. Civil disobedience is generally regarded as more morally defensible than both ordinary. Generally, an ebook can be downloaded in five minutes or less. Civil disobedience movement in pursuance of the one of the lahore resolution the indian national congress organized the civil disobedience moveatent the civil disobedience, writes gandhi, is a state of peaceful rebellion a refusal to obey every single state made law. Congress decided to commence civil disobedience movement from 26th august 1938.
Mahatma gandhi launched the civil disobedience movement on. It was one of gandhis first organized acts of largescale civil disobedience satyagraha. Civil disobedience is sometimes, though not always, defined as being nonviolent resistance. At the lahore session of the congress in 1929, it was left to gandhiji to guide the course of national struggle for freedom. Jan 10, 2018 this video explains the factors leading to civil disobedience movement, events of civil disobedience movement, suspension of civil disobedience movement and resumption of civil disobedience movement. Noncooperation movement, unsuccessful attempt in 192022, organized by mohandas mahatma gandhi, to induce the british government of india to grant selfgovernment, or swaraj, to india. Reduce expenditure on army and civil services by 50 per cent. Complete independence was the main aim of civil disobedience movement which formulated this demand in the lahore session. In this situation, on march 2nd 1930, gandhi wrote a letter to the viceroy.
Ppt civil disobedience movement 1930 to 1942 powerpoint. Gandhiji decided to withdraw the noncooperation movement in february 1922. All important information about civil disobedience movement. What is the civil disobedience movement, and how did it. The salt march, also known as the salt satyagraha, dandi march and the dandi satyagraha, was an act of nonviolent civil disobedience in colonial india led by mohandas karamchand gandhi. Dalit participation in civil disobedience movement was limited in maharashtra and nagpur as organization was very strong br ambedkar organized dalits into depressed classes association in 1930 clashed with gandhi at 2 nd round table conference for a separate electorate for dalits. Sarojini naidu and dharsana satyagrah on may 21, 1930 governments. Gandhiji announced popular demands without changing the constitution as preceding with reduction in expenditure of military, land tax should by decreased by 50 percent and the removal of salt tax moreover monopoly of its. Civil disobedience is sometimes, though not always,defined as beingnonviolent resistance main features gandhiji led a march on foot from sabarmati to. Ppt the indian independence powerpoint presentation. The main features of the civil disobedience movement are. Change of government in britain just two weeks earlier the labor government in britain had come down and the conservative government under ramsay mcdonald had risen which encouraged the mcdonalds communal award for the minority. It was also decided to start disobedience movement as a first step towards the realization of complete independence. Salt march or dandi march from 12th march 1930 to 6th april 1930 starting from sabarmati ashram to dandion the gujarat coast.
The first phase of civil disobedience movement was from march 12, 1930 to january 3, 1932. Renewal of the civil disobedience movement the civil disobedience movement was. Civil disobedience movement civil disobedience is the professed and active refusal to obey the laws which are made by external forces. Civil disobedience movement 1930 dandi march 12 march6 april 1930 gandhi started his famous march along with 79 followers from sabaramati ashram on 20 march 1930 to the small village of dandi to break the salt law. Three round table conferences were held between 19301932. Although the civil disobedience movement failed to achieve any positive outcome, it was an important juncture in the history of indian independence. Simon commission and the civil disobedience movement watch simon commission and the civil disobedience movement explained in the form of a story in high quality animated videos.
In this journey of 24 days and covering a distance of 390 kilometer, thousands of people joined him. In the coming next post, we shall read about the gandhi irwin pact and culmination of civil disobedience movement. Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, or commands of a government. Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, or commands of a government, or of an occupying international power. Causes, effects and significance of civil disobedience. Gandhiji led a march on foot from sabarmati to dandi. Article on civil disobedience movement essay pdf download.
Civil disobedience movement the lahore congress of 1929 authorized the working committee to launch a programme of civil disobedience. Jul 06, 2016 congress working committee gives full powers to gandhi to launch the civil disobedience movement cdm at a time and place of his choice. The first phase is also called as salt satyagraha phase. By another resolution the attainment of purna sttaraj complete.
The civil disobedience movement was discontinued and the second round table conference was held in london in 1931. Nov 20, 2017 evaluation of civil disobedience movement. Jan 15, 2017 civil disobedience movement civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power. Movement introduction civil disobedienceis the active, professed. Civil disobedience movement by rashmi bhat on prezi.
Gandhiji was invested with full powers to launch the civil disobedience movement. He felt the movement was turning violent in many places and satyagrahis needed to be properly trained before they would be ready for mass struggles. It was brief about the civil disobedience movement. The violation of the law was seen as a symbol of the indian peoples resolve not to live under britishmade laws and therefore under british rule. So, gandhi once again succeeded in giving the message to the government that he is the undisputed leader of indian masses. Ppt the indian independence powerpoint presentation free. The civil disobedience movement led by mahatma gandhi, in the year 1930 was an important milestone in the history of indian nationalism. The violation of the law was seen as a symbol of the indian peoples resolve not to live. Describe any three features of civil disobedience movement. The 24day march lasted from 12 march 1930 to 6 april 1930 as a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the british salt monopoly. Mohandas gandhi begins 241mile civil disobedience march. Gandhi addressed an ultimatum to viceroy lord irwin on 31 january, asking him to remove the evils of the british rule and also informed of his decision to undertake dandi satyagraha wherein the laws. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look that todays audiences expect. Describe the main features of the civil disobedience movement.
Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government. The government plan was to not allow gandhi and the congress to build up the momentum of the civil disobedience movement as it did in 1930 and it actually paid off. He gave his ultimatum to lord irwin on 31 january 1930. Mar 03, 2010 in april 1930 there were violent policecrowd clashes in calcutta. The government on the other hand was ready to face the threat with all its might. Winner of the standing ovation award for best powerpoint templates from presentations magazine. The civil disobedience movement was suspended, when mahatma gandi withdrew mass satyagraha on july 14th 1933. Civil disobedience movement cdm, dandi march december 1929. As the demands of gandhi such as removal of salt tax, reduction of land revenue etc. In february 1922, mahatma gandhi decided to withdraw the noncooperation movement.
Civil disobedience movement authorstream presentation. In april 1930 there were violent policecrowd clashes in calcutta. The civil disobedience movement led by m k gandhi, in the year 1930 was an important milestone in the history of indian nationalism. We will explore how the congress sought to develop the national movement, how. Describe any three features of civil disobedience movement of. Times new roman verdana default design the indian nationalist movement and gandhi two organizations fought for independence in india muhammad ali jinnah mohandas gandhi amritsar massacre 1919 site of massacre today jinnah and gandhi c. His ultimatum being ignored the civil disobedience was launched. Civil disobedience movementdandisaltsatyagrahalahore. Stases and developments of civil disobedience movement.
It does not reject the system as a whole but rejected the symbolic violation of the law. It was launched against the arrival of the simon commission, this continued between 1930 and 1934. In an earlier textbook you have read about the growth of nationalism in india up to the first decade of the twentieth century. The civil disobedience movement of 1930 31, then marked a critically important stage in the progress of the antiimperialist strugglebipan chandra. Civil disobedience is also referred as to become non violent and promotes its. Ppt thoreau civil disobedience powerpoint presentation.
Civil disobedience is commonly, though not always, defined as being nonviolent resistance. The salt satyagraha was a mass civil disobedience movement initiated by mahatma gandhi against the salt tax imposed by the british government in india. Even many congress leaders were fatigued by mass struggles and wanted to participate in the elections to the provincial councils. Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Actually civil disobedience movement was launched to fill the work that non cooperation wont did. Gandhia and congress leaders did not attend sided with nehru, got congress to agree that goal was swaraj and must be achieved through mass civil disobedience movement congress party weak in 1930 total membership only 56,000 in 1929. Peoples fought against government for getting their liberty 4. Dec 25, 2017 civil disobedience movement in india as per the record on 31 st january 1930, mahatma gandhi gave an ultimatum to lord irwin. Essay on civil disobedience movement in india 193034. View civil disobedience research papers on academia.
Oct 25, 2018 may 23, 2020 civil disobedience movement class 10 class 10 notes edurev is made by best teachers of class 10. Congress working committee gives full powers to gandhi to launch the civil disobedience movement cdm at a time and place of his choice. The civil disobedience was launched in 1930 under the guidelines of gandhiji. There are three distinct phases that mark the development of. On 6th april 1930, gandhi with the accompaniment of seventy nine satyagrahis, violated the. Explain 4 features of civil disobedience movement of 1930. This document is highly rated by class 10 students and has been viewed 414 times. Calling off the civil disobedience movement attacking satyagrahis when mahatma gandhi was arrested, industrial workers in sholapur attacked police posts, municipal buildings all structures that symbolized british rule. Lahore session congress declares complete independence as its aim and puts evelenpoint demand to government. The historic march, marking the launch of the civil disobedience movement, began on march 12, and gandhi broke the salt law by picking up a handful of salt at dandi on april 6. Civil disobedience civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power. He led a large group of people from sabarmati ashram on 12 th march 1930 till dandi, a coastal village in gujarat, to break the salt law by producing salt from seawater.
Gandhi chose salt as purpose and dandi as location. Civil disobedience movement class 10 class 10 notes edurev. Hence, civil disobedience is sometimes equated with peaceful protests or nonviolent resistance. Gandhi led the dandi march from sabarmati ashram to the sea coast near the village of dandi. Mar 10, 2020 on march 12, 1930, indian independence leader mohandas gandhi begins a defiant march to the sea in protest of the british monopoly on salt, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against. Approximately 100,000 people were imprisoned in the course of the civil disobedience movement 1930 31, while in peshawar unarmed demonstrators were fired upon in the qissa khwani bazaar massacre. Civil disobedience is a public, nonviolent and conscientious breach of law undertaken with the aim of bringing about a change in laws or government policies. Civil disobedience movement in india study materials. Although the civil disobedience movement failed to achieve any positive outcome, it was an important juncture in.
It is also meant to disobey the commands and demands of either a government or international powers which are ruling over the nation. Powerpoint presentation on the civil disobedience movement in india led by the father of the nation, mahatma gandhi from 19301934. Civil disobedience is a symbolic or ritualistic violation of the law, rather than a rejection of the system as a whole 26. By some definitions specify, civil disobedience has to be nonviolent to be called civil. Our new crystalgraphics chart and diagram slides for powerpoint is a collection of over impressively designed datadriven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. In this chapter we will pick up the story from the 1920s and study the noncooperation and civil disobedience movements. Civil disobedience movement 1930 to 1942 powerpoint ppt presentation. The issues that the state congress to press were the recognition of civil rights and the restoration of the fundamental rights. Explain features of civil disobedience movement of 1930. Approximately 100,000 people were imprisoned in the course of the civil disobedience movement 193031, while in peshawar unarmed demonstrators were fired upon in the qissa khwani bazaar massacre. Civil disobedience movement in india study materials exams. Frightened government attacked peaceful satyagrahis, 100,000. Hence, civil disobedience is sometimes equated with peaceful protests or nonviolent resistance henry david thoreau popularized the term in the us with his essay civil. Thoreau denies the right of any government to automatic and.1093 1119 270 209 737 1621 290 1296 313 373 1627 226 604 545 311 1574 1305 1574 72 1034 826 873 1475 522 952 1038 78 1275 581 796 1472 1445 1165 1372 1497