You can also create your own slips to plant in the spring. Sweet potato plants are damaged by light frost and the plants require high temperatures for a period of 4 to 5 months to yield well. Sustainable potato production guidelines for developing countries during the international year of the potato, celebrated in 2008, fao and cip helped forge partnerships worldwide to address critical aspects of sustainable potato production. The crop is grown in several countries globally, but production primarily occurs in tropical and subtropical areas where it is an important staple in the diets of many people. When cuttings are taken, prune sweet potato shoots approximately 1 to 2. Planting time is mainly determined by the climate of a location. Nutritional and medicinal qualities of sweetpotato tops and. Sweet potatoes gained some popularity as a lowercarb potato in the early 2000s. You dont want the roots to face resistance when they try to expand within the soil. Sweet potato growing guide the optimum temperature to achieve the best growth of sweet potatoes is between 70 and 85 degrees f, although they can tolerate temperatures as low as 65 degrees f and as high as 95 degrees f. If the growing season has been good with adequate water and sunshine, harvesting sweet potatoes should begin about 100110 days after planting depending on the variety. The nursery bed should also be far away from other sweet potato fields and from the drainage water off sweet potato fields, so that leaf scab will not spread to it. Do not wash sweet potatoes until you are ready to cook them. High quality tubers are best produced on fertile, well drained, sandy loams.
The crop is sensitive to drought at tuber initiation stage 5060 days after planting. Sichuan province has the largest growing area of sweet potatoes in china which amounted to 873,000 ha with total yield of 3,314,000 tons in. Stephen meyers, extension sweet potato specialist based at the mississippi state university pontotoc ridgeflatwoods branch experiment station, said growers are cautiously optimistic as harvest begins. If you follow these instructions in the pdf below, the sugars. The sweet potato plant is a spreading vine that performs best on lighter textured soils. Pesticide applications may be necessary in some seasons. Sweet potato farming information guide agri farming. A long hot growing season is ideal for growing these tuberlike roots. Water your sweet potato plants weekly since a regular watering schedule will help prevent the sweet potato skin from splitting. Dont wait until after your last frost date to harvest. Bonnie plants 6pk potato sweet potato41 the home depot. Aug 01, 2008 this publication has been prepared to acquaint growers, packers, and shippers with the most current information and recommendations for proper postharvest handling of sweetpotatoes. Excellent sources provide at least 20% daily value. Generally, sweet potato crop is grown for its sweet root tubers and mainly used as food after steaming, or boiling, frying or baking.
Specifically, the chapter describes the role of the sweet potato in human diets. Sweet potato harvest of the month provides resources for. Growing sweet potatoes works best in loamy, welldrained soil. Typically, most varieties will take about three to four months to mature about 90 to 120 days, but there are some newer varieties that take less time and. The term sweet potato is really a misnomer, because it implies they are potatoes that are sweet, when in reality they are as different from potatoes as carrots are. Jun 17, 2006 the other, sweet potato weevil, is much more of a problem, particularly in tropical australia. Postharvest handling of sweetpotatoes nc state extension. To start them at home, suspend a healthy root pointed end up with. Potato towers which varieties to grow and other tips for success. Growing sweetpotatoes in new hampshire unh extension. Sweet potatoes prefer light, sandy soils but will grow well on heavier soils, high in clay.
Following are some of the health benefits of sweet potato. It allows the wounds to heal and toughens the skin. When receiving your slips, it is important to read the packing. Sweet potato diseases and pests, description, uses. Jan 22, 2019 this year johnnies seeds lists a 90 day sweet potato named mahon yam the catalog comments that it really is not a yam, and lists it with sweet potatoes. Lets talk about the one thing you need to be eating for breakfast this fall and every single weekend even once fall has passed. More consumer familiarity with fresh sweet potatoes and increases in sweet potato fry consumption contribute to the increase. Initially they were excited about the single node cutting process, as their roots produced exponentially more growing. Sweet potatoes can be harvested any time after a sufficient number of roots have reached marketable size. Various methods can be used to harvest sweet potatoes. Sweet potato is native to tropical america and belongs to the family of convolvulaceae and genus of ipomoea. Crops grown in heavy clay loams produce irregular shaped tubers. Sweet potato can, and does, play a multitude of varied roles in the human diets being either supplemental or a luxury food besides being a staple crop for some parts of the world papua new guinea, some parts of philippines, tonga and solomon islands sosinski et al.
The harvest of the month featured vegetable is sweet potatoes shoppers tips look for firm, dark, and smooth sweet potatoes without wrinkles, bruises, or sprouts. Sweet potato harvest yields mixed baskets mississippi. Smallscale technology and practices for sweet potato growing in southeast oklahoma 1 introduction market gardeners are often caught in a technological doughnut hole. Jul 21, 2015 sweet potato is an important source of starch, glucose, industrial alcohol and sugar syrup. Green harvest provides growing information for edible and useful plants in the organic and permaculture garden. Harvest and storage sweet potatoes should be harvested when sufficient 6 to 8ounce potatoes are found in the hill. When to harvest sweet potatoes will depend on the cultivar that you purchased. Smallscale technology and practices for sweet potato growing. Postharvest processing technology of sweet potatoes in sichuan, china hening liu1 abstract sweet potato is one of the important crops in china, its growing area and yield rank the first in the world. Lam is the sixth most important food crop in the world, and new uses for this crop have been identified. Postharvest operations page 2 preface the potato is a staple food belonging to the tuber and root family, which now enjoys increasing extension to the developing world. Sweet potatoes are usually started from young plants, called slips, that are grown from the root.
They will then need to be embedded in soil for 90 days and kept continuously warm and moist. Loose soil is more critical than almost any other factor when it comes to growing sweet potatoes successfully. The underground, starchy crops which include cassava, potato, sweet potato, yam, taro and xanthosoma see table 1 for the alternate names are loosely referred to as zroot crops, although they are botanically diverse and the edible structures can be roots, tubers, corms or cormels table 1. My experience last year with the potato tower made me hesitate to try it again with potatoes, but im game for anything that will yield a crop of sweet potatoes in zone 3. January 22, 2019 by guest 90 comments this post may contain affiliate links which wont change your price but will share some commission. Sweet potato sp is an important root crop grown all over the world and consumed as a vegetable, boiled, baked or often fermented into food and beverages. The most common type of sweet potato found in us markets is the moist. After harvesting, tubers must be washed in a 100 ppm bleach solution and allowed to air dry. At harvest, select tubers from plants that show no symptoms of little leaf disease or viruses. In november this is when the best of the new harvest will be out, go to your supermarket and look for unblemished and uncracked mediumsize sweet potatoes. Post harvest handling postharvest management practices that reduce product loss to spoilage or shrinkage will reduce microbial risks.
Curing and storage of tropical roots, tubers and corms to. Regular field inspection is needed to determine when to harvest. Remember, poorquality seed roots will not produce the quality slips needed for the establishment and production of highyielding sweet potato crops. Oct 07, 20 heres most of my 20 harvest of sweet potatoes from my in ground, and raised bed gardens. The other, sweet potato weevil, is much more of a problem, particularly in tropical australia. Never plant sweet potatoes in ground where they have. Harvest of the month provides resources for the cafeteria, classroom, and community home to promote the use of local, seasonal foods. Sweet potato technical manual 4 est diversity of sweet potato germplasm is in columbia, ecuador, guatemala and peru. Sweet potato production osu fact sheets oklahoma state. This publication has been prepared to acquaint growers, packers, and shippers with the most current information and recommendations for proper postharvest handling of sweetpotatoes. Harvest sweet potatoes when the ends of the vines start to yellow. Sweet potato, ipomoea batatas, is an herbaceous perennial in the family convolvulaceae grown for its edible storage roots. To see how to start sweet potatoes from a stater potato click here.
Keep them there until about 90 days before the last spring frost date. Heres most of my 20 harvest of sweet potatoes from my in ground, and raised bed gardens. For detailed growing instructions in a downloadable, printable pdf format, see johnnys sweet potato production tech sheet. Keep in mind sweet potatoes grow best in soil with a ph of 5. Sweet potatoes should be harvested when sufficient 6 to 8ounce potatoes are found in the hill. They like beauregard, and wanted to try using the single node cutting method, as advocated by anthony and caroline boutard see my sweet potato slideshow for details. Slips can usually be purchased from garden centers or seed catalogs. Store sweet potato slips in a welllit room with a temperature between 65 and 70f. When to harvest sweet potatoes depends largely on the seasonal growing. Some of the newer shortseason varieties can be planted later and still make a good crop of roots. To produce a crop, the sweetpotato requires 90120 frostfree days. This involves storing the tubers at room temperature for 35 days. There is a growing program of research in africa on yam, cassava, potato and sweet potato addressing genetic enhancement, seed systems, production, marketing and nutrition impacts. Re sistant cultivars, crop rotations, sanitation and weed manage ment are important tools in disease and insect man agement.
Root and tuber crops cassava, yam, potato and sweet potato. Its time to take a break from all things pumpkin, and let sweet potatoes take center stage on the breakfast table. Sweet potatoes are a perfect summer crop for missouri gardens. Sweet potatoes need loose, welldrained soil to form large tubers.
A good rule of thumb is to watch for the first signs of yellowing leaves. The plant has enlarged roots called tubers which act as an energy store for the plant. Sustainable potato production food and agriculture. These vigorous vines make the sweet potato an impractical crop in gardens with limited space. Once cooked, sweet potatoes will keep for about a week in the refrigerator cooking tips scrub sweet potatoes before cookingno need to peel if pureeing or mashing, cook sweet potato whole and remove skin after cooked through to bake. The process of properly selecting, curing and storing sweet potato roots for the production of slips vine cuttings is a key step in profitable sweet potato production. Remember, poorquality seed roots will not produce the quality slips needed for the establishment and production of highyielding sweet potato. Sweet potato originated from tropical central america. Use a bow rake not a leaf rake, hoe, or shovel to create mounded rows. Tips for starting your sweet potato slips from johnnys. Nutritional and medicinal qualities of sweetpotato tops.
Harvest of the month provides resources for the cafeteria, classroom, and community to promote the use of local, seasonal foods. To keep fresh, store in a dry, cool place, like a pantry or garage. Sweet potato harvest of the month provides resources for the. This is especially important for sweet potato that is to be exported. Before cooking, let unwashed sweet potatoes cure in a warm, wellventilated area for 10 days. Jan 22, 2020 lets talk about the one thing you need to be eating for breakfast this fall and every single weekend even once fall has passed.
One decayed spot can make the entire sweet potato taste bad, even when cut away. After two challenging years in mississippi sweet potato fields, farmers are hoping for a problemfree harvest over the next few weeks. Sweet potato diseases and pests, description, uses, propagation. Recognizing this, the national sweetpotato collaborators group and the national sweetpotato association endorsed spelling sweetpotato as one word in 1989. Favored for high yields of uniform, reddishpurple potatoes with tasty, deeporange flesh that keeps well when stored. The sweet potato is suitable for growing in zones 311 as an annual, and zones 811 as a perennial. For the very basics of sweet potato culture, see johnnys sweet potato key growing information.
Before you plant sweet potato slips, you have a little extra work to do. They cannot justify purchasing largescale equipment for small operations, but. In areas with mild frost, midnovember to middecember is the best time to plant, and usually the crops gets ready for harvest from april to may. Nutritional and medicinal qualities of sweetpotato tops and leaves shahidul islam professor plant science sweetpotato ipomoea batatas l. Sweet potato growing information green harvest organic. Sweet potato storage roots are subjected to several forms of post harvest losses during transportation from farmers field to market and in storage. Sweet potato is a nutritious root crop that contains signifi cant amounts of fiber, beta carotene. The sweet potato plant is a branching, creeeping vine with spirally arranged lobed, heart shaped leaves and white or lavender flowers. It is also not tolerant to water logging which can cause tuber rot.572 894 891 1095 249 1462 1182 232 1285 556 865 1184 1686 131 1313 698 1502 349 1432 414 490 455 78 1478 1095 1216 1065 127 752 912 27 1486